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ADA Guidelines
The ADA, or Americans with Disabilities Act, guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, State and local government services, and telecommunications. The 2010 Standards set minimum requirements for newly designed or renovated State and local government facilities, public accommodations, and commercial facilities to be readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities. These standards are in place not only to provide equal access for customers and clients, but for employees as well.

Below are the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design in effect as of March 15, 2012. If an inspector finds that one of our signs does not meet ADA guidelines, we'll replace it for free! That's how confident we are in our signs and our services to you. You're in the hotel business, not the signage industry. We'll take care of the signs!

* No part of this may be reproduced, copied or distributed without the express written consent of HOTELSIGNS.com.
2012-2017 HOTELSIGNS.com.

Knowing the Differences Between ADAAG and the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (SAD)

This document covers the differences between old regulations under ADAAG and the new 2010 Standards for Accessible Design regulations.

Dual Signs

NEW 703.1 General.
Where both visual and tactile characters are required, either one sign with both visual and tactile characters, or two separate signs, one with visual, and one with tactile characters, shall be provided.

OLD 4.30 Signage.
No dual sign regulations were listed.

Depth of Raised Characters

NEW 703.2.1 Depth.
Raised characters shall be 1/32 inch (0.03125") minimum above their background.

OLD 4.30.4 Raised and Braille Characters and Pictorial Symbol Signs (Pictograms).
Letters and numerals shall be raised 1/32 inch (0.03125") minimum.

Capitalization and Style of Raised Characters

NEW 703.2.2 Case.
Characters shall be uppercase.

NEW 703.2.3 Style.
Characters shall be sans serif. Characters shall not be italic, oblique, script, highly decorative, or of other unusual forms.

OLD 4.30.4 Raised and Braille Characters and Pictorial Symbol Signs (Pictograms).
Letters and numerals shall be raised 1/32 inch (0.03125") minimum, upper case, sans serif or simple serif type.

Character Proportions and Stroke Width

NEW 703.2.4 Character Proportion.
Characters shall be selected from fonts where the width of the uppercase letter "O" is 55 percent minimum and 110 percent maximum of the height of the uppercase letter "I".

NEW 703.2.6 Stroke Thickness.
Stroke thickness of the uppercase letter "I" shall be 15 percent maximum of the height of the character.

OLD 4.30.2 Character Proportion.
Letters and numbers on signs shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke-width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10.

Height of Raised Characters

NEW 703.2.5 Character Height.
Character height measured vertically from the baseline of the character shall be 5/8 inch (0.625") minimum and 2 inches maximum based on the height of the uppercase letter "I".

EXCEPTION: Where separate raised and visual characters with the same information are provided, raised character height shall be permitted to be 1/2 inch (0.5") minimum.

OLD 4.30.4 Raised Characters.
Raised characters shall be at least 5/8 inch (0.625") high, but no higher than 2 inches.

Letter Spacing for Raised Characters

NEW 703.2.7 Character Spacing.
Character spacing shall be measured between the two closest points of adjacent raised characters within a message, excluding word spaces. Where characters have rectangular cross sections, spacing between individual raised characters shall be 1/8 inch (0.125") minimum and 4 times the raised character stroke width maximum. Where characters have other cross sections, spacing between individual raised characters shall be 1/16 inch (0.0625") minimum and 4 times the raised character stroke width maximum at the base of the cross sections, and 1/8 inch (0.125") minimum and 4 times the raised character stroke width maximum at the top of the cross sections.

OLD 4.30 Signage.
No character spacing regulations were listed.

Position of Raised Characters on Signs

NEW 703.2.7 Character Spacing.
Characters shall be separated from raised borders and decorative elements 3/8 inch (0.375") minimum.

OLD 4.30 Signage.
No character or line spacing regulations were listed.

Line Spacing

NEW 703.2.8 Line Spacing.
Spacing between the baselines of separate lines of raised characters within a message shall be 135 percent minimum and 170 percent maximum of the raised character height.

OLD 4.30 Signage.
No character or line spacing regulations were listed.

Braille Type

NEW 703.3 Braille.
Braille shall be contracted (Grade 2) and shall comply with 703.3 and 703.4.

OLD 4.30.4 Braille.
Letters and numerals shall be raised 1/32 inch (0.03125") minimum, upper case, sans serif or simple serif type and shall be accompanied with Grade 2 Braille.

Braille Shape

NEW 703.3.1 Dimensions and Cap.
Braille dots shall have a domed or rounded shape and shall comply with Table 703.3.1. The indication of an uppercase letter or letters shall only be used before the first word of sentences, proper nouns and names, individual letters of the alphabet, initials, and acronyms.

OLD 4.30 Signage.
No braille shape regulations were listed.

Position of Braille on Signs

NEW 703.3.2 Position.
Braille shall be positioned below the corresponding text. If text is multi-lined, braille shall be placed below the entire text. Braille shall be separated 3/8 inch (0.375") minimum from any other tactile characters and 3/8 inch (0.375") minimum from raised borders and decorative elements.

EXCEPTION: Braille provided on elevator car controls shall be separated 3/16 inch (0.1875") minimum and shall be located either directly below or adjacent to the corresponding raised characters or symbols.

OLD 4.30 Signage.
No braille and tactile text regulations were listed.

Installation Height for Tactile Signs

NEW 703.4.1 Height Above Floor or Ground.
Tactile characters on signs shall be located 48 inches minimum above the floor or ground surface, measured from the baseline of the lowest tactile character and 60 inches maximum above the floor or ground surface, measured from the baseline of the highest tactile character.

EXCEPTION: Tactile characters for elevator car controls shall not be required to comply with 703.4.1.

OLD 4.30.6 Mounting Location and Height.
Mounting height shall be 60 inches above the floor to the centerline of the sign.

Position of Tactile Signs

NEW 703.4.2 Location.
Where a tactile sign is provided at a door, the sign shall be located alongside the door at the latch side. Where a tactile sign is provided at double doors with one active leaf, the sign shall be located on the inactive leaf. Where a tactile sign is provided at double doors with two active leafs, the sign shall be located to the right of the right hand door. Where there is no wall space at the latch side of a single door or at the right side of double doors, signs shall be located on the nearest adjacent wall. Signs containing tactile characters shall be located so that a clear floor space of 18 inches minimum by 18 inches minimum, centered on the tactile characters, is provided beyond the arc of any door swing between the closed position and 45 degree open position.

EXCEPTION: Signs with tactile characters shall be permitted on the push side of doors with closers and without hold-open devices.

OLD 4.30.6 Mounting Location and Height.
Where permanent identification is provided for rooms and spaces, signs shall be installed on the wall adjacent to the latch side of the door. Where there is no wall space to the latch side of the door, including at double leaf doors, signs shall be placed on the nearest adjacent wall. Mounting height shall be 60 inches above the floor to the centerline of the sign. Mounting location for such signage shall be so that a person may approach within 3 inches of signage without encountering protruding objects or standing within the swing of a door.

Color Contrast and Finish

NEW 703.5.1 Finish and Contrast.
Characters and their background shall have a non-glare finish. Characters shall contrast with their background with either light characters on a dark background or dark characters on a light background.

ADVISORY 703.5.1 FINISH AND CONTRAST: Signs are more legible for persons with low vision when characters contrast as much as possible with their background. Additional factors affecting the ease with which the text can be distinguished from its background include shadows cast by lighting sources, surface glare, and the uniformity of the text and its background colors and textures.

OLD 4.30.5 Finish and Contrast.
The characters and background of signs shall be eggshell, matte, or other non-glare finish. Characters and symbols shall contrast with their background -- either light characters on a dark background or dark characters on a light background.

Capitalization and Style of Visual Characters

NEW 703.5.2 Case.
Characters shall be uppercase or lowercase or a combination of both.

NEW 703.5.3 Style.
Characters shall be conventional in form. Characters shall not be italic, oblique, script, highly decorative, or of other unusual forms.

OLD 4.30.2 Character Proportion.
Letters and numbers on signs shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke-width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10.

OLD 4.30.4 Raised and Braille Character and Pictorial Symbol Signs (Pictograms).
Upper case, sans serif or simple serif type.

Height Visual Characters

NEW 703.5.5 Character Height.
Minimum character height shall comply with Table 703.5.5. Viewing distance shall be measured as the horizontal distance between the character and an obstruction preventing further approach towards the sign. Character height shall be based on the uppercase letter "I".

OLD 4.30.3 Character Height.
Characters and numbers on signs shall be sized according to the viewing distance from which they are to be read. The minimum height is measured using an upper case X. Lower case characters are permitted.

Installation Height for Visual Character Signs

NEW 703.5.6 Height From Finished Floor or Ground.
Visual characters shall be 40 inches minimum above the floor or ground.

EXCEPTION: Visual characters indicating elevator car controls shall not be required to comply with 703.5.6.

OLD 4.30 Signage.
No position of visual character regulations were listed.

Size and Position of Pictograms on Signs

NEW 703.6.1 Pictogram Field.
Pictograms shall have a field height of 6 inches minimum. Characters and braille shall not be located in the pictogram field.

NEW 703.6.3 Text Descriptors.
Pictograms shall have text descriptors located directly below the pictogram field. Text descriptors shall comply with 703.2, 703.3 and 703.4.

OLD 4.30.4 Pictorial Symbol Signs.
Pictograms shall be accompanied by the equivalent verbal description placed directly below the pictogram. The border dimension of the pictogram shall be 6 inches minimum in height.

References:
Department of Justice's ADA Standards for Accessible Design. (2010). Guild to the Updated ADA Standards. http://www.ada.gov/2010ADAstandards_index.htm

ADA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities. (As amended through September 2002). http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/buildings-and-sites/about-the-ada-standards/background/adaag#4.30

* No part of this may be reproduced, copied or distributed without the express written consent of HOTELSIGNS.com.
2012-2017 HOTELSIGNS.com.
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